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Responsible Investment & The Environment


Human Population Through Time
It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion—and only 200 years to reach 7 billion. But growth has begun slowing, as women have fewer babies on average. When will our global population peak? And how can we minimize our impact on Earth’s resources, even as we approach 11 billion?

Can an English suit be made in Cambodia?
The suit that the England football team will wear at formal occasions at Euro 2016 is about to be unveiled. But how English is this England suit?

Architecture becomes a tool to fight poverty through this Pritzker winner
Architecture's highest prize was awarded to Chile's Alejandro Aravena, a man little known outside his field who is working to address real world problems of urban housing. Jeffrey Brown sits down with Aravena to discuss his philosophy as a designer.

Don't Panic: The Truth About Population
We live in a world of relentless change. Huge migrations of people to new mega-cities filling soaring skyscrapers and vast slums, ravenous appetites for fuel and food, unpredictable climate change... and all this in a world where the population is still growing. Should we be worried, should we be scared, and how to make sense of it all?

In Cambodia, 'Lucky' Iron Fish For The Cooking Pot Could Fight Anemia
Canadian Christopher Charles came up with what he thought was a simple alternative to iron supplements: Give villagers in Cambodia little blocks of iron to drop into their cooking pots.

How building a better battery would change the game for renewable energy
Wind can be a bountiful resource in Tehachapi, California, but not necessarily at the right time. There turbines generate the most energy at night, when the wind blows hardest, and the demand is the lowest. Science correspondent Miles O’Brien reports on the wider push for electricity storage solutions that may enable renewables to have a greater impact on the grid.

PewResearchCentre – July 9th 2015 – A Global Middle Class Is More Promise than Reality
The first decade of this century witnessed a historic reduction in global poverty and a near doubling of the number of people who could be considered middle income. Report link follows.

After the boom
ABC Background Briefing - The height of the coal boom has passed and Background Briefing returns to the Queensland mining town of Moranbah to find local job losses, collapsed house prices and business failures. Is the prevalence of fly-in, fly-out employment arrangements to blame? Nance Haxton reports.

A discussion about climate change
Charlie Rose - A discussion about climate change with Michael Oppenheimer of Princeton University, Jeffrey Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute, and Michael Mann of Penn State University.

Panasonic to pay China workers pollution compensation
Japanese electronics firm Panasonic has said it will pay its employees working in China a premium to compensate them for the country's high pollution.

The Australian Fashion Report
In the wake of the tragic Rana Plaza factory collapse in Bangladesh, there has been an increasing desire for Australian consumers to know more about how our clothes are produced and how the workers that make them are treated. This report is by authors Gershon Nimbalker, Claire Cremen and Haley Wrinkle from Free2Work, which is a project of Baptist World Aid Australia & Not For Sale Australia. The report examines 41 companies (128 brands) operating in Australia, and assesses what efforts they are undertaking to protect the workers in their supply chain from exploitation, forced labour and child labour. This research builds upon work previously carried out in the US focused ‘Apparel Industry Trends’ report, compiled by Free2Work.

BANGLADESH - second review under the 3-year arrangement under the extended credit facility and request for modification of performance criteria
To put the recent focus on Bangladesh in terms of its role in the supply chain of developed nations corporates into an economic context, this IMF review provides a useful up to date overview of its economy and particularly of the importance of its garment industry, which accounts for nearly 80% of exports and employs nearly 4 million workers - mostly women.

consumers with a conscience: will they pay more?
Most Americans say they will pay more for clothes not made in sweatshops. Is this just talk, or will they actually put their money where their mouth is? An in-store test of consumer behaviour turns up some surprising results...

ABC Q & A: An Audience With Bill Gates
In this wide ranging Q & A program that touches on philanthropy, taxation, foreign aid, self-confidence of "geeks" and many many more issues, well known MircoSoft founder, richest man on Earth and lately leading philanthropist Bill Gates provides his views, opinions, and insights.

ABC - The World TODAY - Clothing companies blamed for Bangladesh factory deaths
The World Today is a comprehensive current affairs program which backgrounds, analyses, interprets and encourages debate on events and issues of interest and importance to all Australians. Ashley Hall reported this story on Friday, April 26, 2013

PBS Newshour: Global Standards for Garment Industry Under Scrutiny After Bangladesh Disaster
The Bangladeshi garment factory collapse is the worst disaster ever for the country's booming clothing industry. Ray Suarez discusses the role of Western retailers in keeping foreign workers safe with Avedis Seferian of Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production and Scott Nova of Worker Rights Consortium.

Al Gore's 'Future'
This Charlie Rose interview from 31 January 2013, with former Vice presidential candidate and Nobel Prize winner Al Gore discusses his latest book: "The Future: Six Drivers of Climate Change". The interview illuminates the background to the book and touches on the complex issue of climate change that is analysed in this book.

This is another interview with Al Gore about his latest boook "The Future" with PBS Newshour's Jeffrey Brown. The wide ranging interview also touches on issues such as the influence of "Big Money" on the USA democracy.

One Airport's Trash Is 2 Million Worms' Treasure
This npr the Salt feature from 18 December 2012 describes how food waste is not just a problem for restaurants — airports also have to deal with piles of this kind of garbage. At one of the USA's busiest airports, Charlotte Douglas International in North Carolina, each passenger generates half a pound of garbage on average per visit. But instead of just sending all that trash to the landfill, Charlotte has taken a different approach. It's the first airport to put worms to work dealing with trash.

Making Work Safety a Priority in Clothing Industry in Pakistan and Bangladesh
This PBS Newshour interviewis from 10 December 2012. Bangladesh has one of the fastest growing apparel industries with exports estimated to triple by 2020, reaching as much as $42 billion. Hari Sreenivasan talks to Steven Greenhouse of the New York Times about why safety conditions are not improving for workers even as profits increase in nations such as Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Official Committee Hansard - SENATE - Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee 08/08/2012
This excerpt from the Senate's Hansard record in relation to the Government Investment Funds Amendment (Ethical Investments) Bill 2011 in the context of the Future Fund provides intersting insights into issues of integration and interpretation of teh Future Fund's responsible investment strategy.

In the Balance: Divided self
In the wake of recent financial scandals businesss leaders are asking how people should behave in the workplace - do we dump our usual behaviour at the office door? It's a key question thats being asked after a number of scandals - especially the LIBOR fixing scandal. Were the employees concerned innately immoral, or had they reacted to a kind of groupthink that made it seem alright - and why does that happen? In this BBC bizdaily program Lesley Curwen asks former finance industry professional turned Catholic nun Catherine Cowley, former investment banker Barbara Stcherbatcheff and business guru Gurcharan Das for their, very different, views.

Carbon Pricing Scheme Projects Across the World
The above chart from the CA Cheuvreux report below:
Climate Change: The ETS Spring 
provides a pictorial summary of the status of carbon trading schemes around the world.

Global Warming's Terrifying New Math
In this "The Atlantic" article from 19 July 2012 by Bill McKibben he highlights the frequency with which temeprature records are broken and what this might mean in the context of climate change.

Global Investor Survey on Climate Change
This is the second report on a survey of investor's thinking on climate change commissioned by the IIGCC, IGCC and INCR. It provides a snapshot of how institutional investors are assessing the challange of climate change risk in 2012.

Do Business Schools Incubate Criminals?
In this Bloomberg article from 16 July 2012 Luigi Zingales, himself an economics professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, discusses the failings and responsibilities of business schools in instilling ethics into their students. By marginalising ethics into seperate subjects rather than making it part of core subject teaching, in the minds of students it is beign relegated to an optional consideration rather than a front of mind issue.

Freedom in the World 2012
This report by Freedom House looks at political rights and civil liberties for countries around the world. It therefore provides a reference point for estimating levels of sovereign risk for various nations. 

Investors see big picture on carbon pricing and welcome commencement 
In the context of Celeste's memberrship of the Investor Group on Climate Change (IGCC), we refer investors to the media release of 30 June 2012 by the IGCC, on the eve of the introduction of carbon pricing in Australia.

Carbon tax 'economically efficient': Garnaut
In this ABC Lateline interview, Emma Alberici discusses the introduction of the Australian carbon emission reduction scheme with Economics Professor Ross Garnaut, who says a market-based approach to reducing emissions will cost Australians substantially less than a regulatory approach.

Are Western Consumers Willing to Pay More for Apparel?
In this PBS Newshour Report from 14 June 2012, Fred de Sam Lazaro reports on the working conditions in Cambodia's garment industry, which exports much its clothing to the United States.

Fraser Institute - Survey of Mining Companies - 2011/2012
Since 1997, the Fraser Institute has conducted an annual survey of metal mining and exploration companies to assess how mineral endowments and public policy factors such as taxation and regulation
affect exploration investment. Survey results represent the opinions of executives and exploration managers in mining and mining consulting companies operating around the world. The survey now
covers 93 jurisdictions around the world, on every continent except Antarctica, in cluding sub-national jurisdictions in Canada, Australia, Argentina, and the United States.
The Fraser Institute Annual Survey of Mining Companies was sent to approximately 5,000 exploration, development, and other mining-related companies around the world. Several mining publications and associations also helped publicize the survey. The survey, conducted from October 4 to December 23, 2011, represents responses from 802 of those companies. The companies participating in the survey reported exploration spending of US$6.3 billion in 2011 and US$4.5 billion in 2010.

How 2011 Became a 'Mind-Boggling' Year of Extreme Weather
In this PBS Newshour Report from 28 December 2011 Hari Sreenivasan discusses how from snowstorms to floods and tornadoes, severe weather wreaked havoc across the United States this year, with 2011 marking far more extreme weather events than a typical year. Hari discusses the science behind this year of extreme weather with NOAA's Kathryn Sullivan and Weather Underground's Jeff Masters.

Scientists in Kenya Try to Fend Off Disease Threatening World's Wheat Crop
This PBS Newshour Report from 28 December 2011 examines how scientists in Kenya's Rift Valley are taking part in a complicated and protracted global fight against Ug99, a fungal disease called wheat rust that could destroy 80 percent of all known wheat varieties. Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro reports as part of the Under-Told Stories Project.

KQED Radio - Obama Ozone Reversal
President Obama angered environmentalists last week when he asked the EPA to stop development of tougher air quality rules. The Sierra Club's Bruce Nilles and Western States Petroleum Association's Michael Wang join host Michael Krasny to discuss the reversal.

Charlie Rose Interview with Warren Buffett
Warren Buffett is interviewed by Charlie Rose and talks about taxing levels for the super rich in USA, the state of the American economy and the future of capitalism.

BBC - Peter Day's World of Business - InBiz: Bad Company: 11 Aug 11
In this podcast program BBC Reporter Peter Day discusses Corporate Governance with Bob Tricker, the Accounting Professor who coined the term, Terry Smith Author of Accounting for Growth, Anne Simpson from Calpers, Lord Myner author of the 2001 UK report on institutional investment and Sara Hogg Chairwoman of the Financial Reporting Council.

Lord Myner - 2001 Report on the UK Institutional Investment Market
This 2001 review paper by Lord Paul Myner, which was commissioned by then Chancellor of the Exchequer the Rt Hon Gordon Brown MP, aims to analyse the tendency by institutional investors in the United Kingdom to follow industry-standard investment patterns that avoid investing in small and medium enterprises and other smaller companies.

The report of the Independent Review of Aid Effectiveness
The Independent Review of Aid Effectiveness was released by the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Kevin Rudd, in Parliament on 6 July 2011.

What do Australians think about climate change?
In October 2010, CSIRO conducted an internet survey aimed at understanding the current attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and knowledge of the Australian general public about climate change issues. This study also addressed Australians' responses to climate change and their preferred methods of communication about these issues.

The Sun - Radio Netherlands Worldwide
This April 2011 Earth Beat program by Radio Netherlands Worldwide cranks up the heat and turns our faces to the sun. From the burning issue of solar energy, to the heated debate around its role in our future. Why some like it hot – and others really don’t. Solar – who’s hot and who’s not. It’s no secret that we're not using the full potential of the sun. But what exactly is the solar situation these days? Chris Turner is a Canadian journalist whose beat is sustainability. When he’s not on a grand tour of the world’s latest developments in green energy, he’s trying to convince us that we’re farther down that road to global sustainability than we think. He tells Earth Beat who’s using the sun well, and who isn’t.

Recasting Executive Compensation: From Gamesmanship to Authenticity
In this Rotman International Journal of Pension Management article, the Dean of the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto, Roger L. Martin examines the problems created by executive compensation schemes that are driven by the "Expectations Market" rather than the "Real Market". He goes on to propose more sensible compensation schemes that will drive long term value creation.

An End to 'Green-washing'?
In this 2011 NPR KQED Radio program, the panel discusses The Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) revamping of the 1998 guidelines regulating green marketing. As the market for green products expands, the number of certifications and claims of "green-ness" have too. How can well-intentioned consumers navigate this complicated world?

Construction Industry Considers Recycling Buildings
In this 2011 Deutsche Welle article, Natalia Dannenberg looks at the issue of recycling of building materials in Germany, an issue often overlooked by architects and engineers.

A New Capitalism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00xj0r4
In this 2011 BBC program, Dr Michael Porter talks about how capitalism need adapt and evolve in a post GFC world.

Freedom in the World 2011
This report by Freedom House looks at political rights and civil liberties for countries around the world. It therefore provides a reference point for estimating levels of sovereign risk for various nations. 

The Sceptics
http://www.sbs.com.au/insight/episode/index/id/401/The-Sceptics#watchonline
This SBS "Insight" program features internationally renowned climate change scientist the late Stephen Schneider discussing the issue of man-made climate change, facing a crowd of 52 climate change sceptics.

Expert Credibility in Climate Change
This article published in the "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America" takes a scientific look at the argument that there is no scientific consensus as to whether or not climate change is man made.

Women on Boards
This 2010 BBC program considers that decisions taken around the board table have a huge impact on companies, on their workforce, and on local economies. And yet many of these crunch decisions are taken by an unrepresentative selection of the human race, because so few boards have women members. In the UK, just 12% of directors of FTSE-100 companies are women. The UK's coalition government says this is not acceptable. It has commissioned Lord Davies to lead a review to produce recommendations for change. Lesley Curwen talks to Lord Davies about what holds women back, and what new policies may be adopted. British businesswoman Jo Dixon recounts horror stories of past male prejudice, at a British bank and at a football club she worked for in the 1990s.
 
Are CEOs Compensated for Value Destroying Growth in Earnings? 
In this article by Sudhakar Balachandran and Partha Mohanram from the University of Toronto, they consider how CEO incentives are often linked to value destroying earnings growth through investing, rather than generally more value enhancing growth through improving profitability. The analysis also considers how value or growth oriented institutional ownership can influence CEO compensation. 

The Value of Nature & the Nature of Value
www.cpd.org.au/2010/08/value-of-nature-pavan-sukhdev
In this seminar, Pavan Sukhdev, an economist working for the UN Green Economy Initiative, looks at ways in which economic value can be assigned to ecosystems.
 
ABC "Dateline" - Interview with Nicholas Stern
A 2009 interview by George Negus with the former World Bank chief economist and architect of the 2006 UK review on the economics of climate change, Lord Nicholas Stern.

ABC "Compass - A Better Life" - Interview with Peter Singer
In 2009 Geraldine Doogue interviews Australian philosopher and ethicist Peter Singer, about alleviating world poverty. He argues the affluent West has a moral responsibility to help the world’s extreme poor, and that if we do – we will lead "a better life" as a result.

ABC "Dateline" - Interview with Thomas Friedman 
http://www.sbs.com.au/dateline/story/about/id/559797/n/Interview-with-Thomas-Friedman
In 2008 George Negus, with three time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and author Thomas Friedman discusses the political and economic implications of the Global Financial Crisis and how a "Green Revolution" could save America from economic decline.
 
ABC "Compass - Men of Means" - Interview with Prominent Australian Men
In this 2008 interview over dinner, Geraldine Doogue discusses with wealthy Australians what is important to them and what isn't. At the dinner table are John Symond, the late John Ilhan, John O'Neil, Chris Cuffe, Harold Mitchell and Mike Carlton. Some very personal observations emerge over the course of the evening.